Paediatric Renal Replacement Therapy (RRT) refers to patients under the age of 20 years receiving renal replacement therapy.
The overall RRT incidence rate for paediatric patients less than 20 years old was 42 per million age related population (pmarp) in 2005 and 77 pmarp in 2014.
Figure 3: Incidence cases of RRT by modality in children under 20 years old. 2005 -2014
Figure 4: Prevalence cases of RRT by modality in children under 20 years old. 2005 -2014
According to Figure 5, PD was the first modality of dialysis in about two thirds (63%) of patients in 2013. However data for 2014 showed that HD was the first modality of dialysis in about 55% of patients compared to 44% for PD
Figure 5: New dialysis by treatment modality 2005-2014
The commonest cause of known end stage renal disease (ESRD) was glomerulonephritis (23%).
The commonest type of renal transplant done in children over the last 5 years was cadaveric transplant accounting for 54%